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Wood Descriptions

At Cutrite, we commonly use various types of wood species. Those listed below are usually stocked and readily available. If your preference is for something more exotic, contact our office for availability.


Red Oak
quercus rubra
Red Oak is the most popular and widely used of the oak family. Texture is coarse, and for the most part the wood is straight grained. Its color varies from white to light brown even ranging to pinkish reddish brown. Although similar in its look to white oak, it has smaller rays thus resulting in a less visible figure.

White Hard Maple
acer saccharum
The sapwood is creamy white with a slight reddish brown tinge and the heartwood varies from light to dark reddish brown. The amount of darker brown heartwood can vary significantly according to growing region. Both sapwood and heartwood can contain pith fleck. The wood has a close fine, uniform texture and is generally straight-grained, but it can also occur as "curly," "fiddle-back," and "birds-eye" figure.

Cherry
prunus serotina
The heartwood of cherry varies from rich red to reddish brown and will darken on exposure to light. In contrast the sapwood is creamy white. The wood has a fine uniform straight grain, smooth texture, and may naturally contain brown pith flecks and small gum pockets.

Knotty White Pine
pinus strobus
Knotty White Pine and its many relatives are found across the eastern United States and Canada. Knotty Pine allows for a mix of colors and knot sizes. Color in knots may range from red to a dark black. Knotty Pine’s many characteristics such as burls, crotches, and knots make for very interesting features.

Hickory
carya glabra
Hickory is the hardest, heaviest and strongest American wood. The sapwood of hickory is white, tinged with inconspicuous fine brown lines while the heartwood is pale to reddish brown. Both are coarse-textured and the grain is fine, usually straight but can be wavy or irregular.

White Ash
fraxinus americana
The sapwood is light-colored to nearly white and the heartwood varies from grayish or light brown, to pale yellow streaked with brown. The wood is generally straight-grained with a coarse uniform texture. The degree and availability of light-colored sapwood, and other properties, will vary according to the growing regions.

Birch
betula alleghaniensis
Yellow birch has a white sapwood and light reddish brown heartwood. The wood is generally straight-grained with a fine uniform texture. Generally characterized by a plain and often curly or wavy pattern.

Black Walnut
juglans nigra
The sapwood of walnut is creamy white, while the heartwood is light brown to dark chocolate brown, occasionally with a purplish cast and darker streaks. The wood develops a rich patina that grows more lustrous with age. Walnut is usually sold steamed, to darken sapwood. The wood is generally straight-grained, but sometimes with wavy or curly grain that produces an attractive and decorative figure.

Sapele (Mahogany)
entundophragma cylindricum
Interlocked, sometimes wavy grain producing a distinctive roe figure on quartered surfaces. Medium texture, high luster, pale yellow sapwood and light red to dark reddish brown heartwood. Of all the mahoganies on the market, at Cutrite we prefer to use Sapele for its even color and ease of availability.

Alder
alnus rubra
Red alder, a relative of birch, is almost white when freshly cut but quickly changes on exposure to air, becoming light brown with a yellow or reddish tinge. Heartwood is formed only in trees of advanced age and there is no visible boundary between sap and heartwood. The wood is fairly straight-grained with a uniform texture.

Beech
fagus grandifolia
The sapwood is white with a red tinge, while the heartwood is light to dark reddish brown. North American beech tends to be slightly darker and less consistent than European beech. The wood is generally straight grained with a close uniform texture.

Jatoba
hymenaea courbaril
Brazilian Cherry is the domestic trade name for Jatoba, an extremely durable wood found throughout South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Far exceeding North American Cherry in hardness, it resembles American Cherry in color, though darker with a darker, striped pattern of grain. With yellow, pink, red, and dark reds, its color will change over time toward a deep red color.



note: some descriptions are sourced from "The American Hardwood Export Council".